How to Install and Configure Postfix as a Send-Only SMTP Server on Ubuntu 20.04
For sending and receiving emails, Postfix is utilised. In many cases, the server’s sole purpose is to send mail. To transmit notifications from apps, for example in these situations, the Postfix option for transmitting messages only comes in handy.
- Ubuntu 20.04
- Domain name
- DNS A record containing your domain’s public IP address
- TLS certificate for e-mail encryption
Installing the mailutils package, which includes Postfix and a few additional packages, is the simplest option.
sudo apt install mailutils
A window for setting Postfix will open during installation.
In our instance, an Internet site is the best alternative. Set the System mail name after you’ve selected it. It must be the same as your hostname and domain name.
We only need to listen to the loopback interface to send emails from the current server. Change the “inet interfaces” parameter in the main.cf file to loopback-only.
sudo nano /etc/postfix/main.cf inet_interfaces = loopback-only
Also, make the following changes to the mydestination parameter.
mydestination = localhost.$mydomain, localhost, $myhostname
Postfix should be restarted.
sudo systemctl restart postfix
For sending emails from the server, the present settings are sufficient. Let’s put it to the test.
Testing after the postfix
To see if Postfix will send an email, we’ll use the mail command.
echo "Fill in some text of the email here" | mail -s "Message subject" recipient's-email-address
Fill in the title and message text. Instead of the recipient’s email address, the email will be sent to the specified address.
If the email does not come, check the Spam folder. If it isn’t there, you’ll need to double-check your settings. A mismatch between the host name, server name, and your domain name could also cause issues.
Enable SMTP encryption
For security reasons, email encryption is critical. Unencrypted emails are also considered spam by some systems.
A valid certificate must be specified in the Postfix configuration to encrypt email.
sudo nano /etc/postfix/main.cf
In the smtpd tls cert file field, specify the path to the TLS domain certificate, the private key in the smtpd tls key file field, and yes in the smtp use tls field.
# TLS parameters smtpd_tls_cert_file=/etc/ssl/certs/domain-name.pem smtpd_tls_key_file=/etc/ssl/private/domain-private-key.pem smtp_use_tls=yes
Posfix should be restarted.
sudo systemctl restart postfix
Setting up aliases
Internal messages for users must occasionally be redirected to the inbox. To reroute system messages, for example. This is accomplished through the use of aliases. Edit the following file to customise them:
sudo nano /etc/aliases
At the conclusion of the file, add a line. We’ll configure sending system messages to [email protected] in this example.
root: [email protected]
Save and close the file. To make the modifications, type the following command:
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